It would however be a mistake to dismiss the problems as intractable, and with the sophistication of choice necessary in a period of resource constraint, a systematic and careful approach to examine the problem in all its aspects would seem to be an urgent requirement for the production of the kind of intelligence necessary for good management.
This book reviews a number of the more significant issues and attempts to point the way to improved data collection. It also suggests policy directions and further research.
Ashley J and McLachlan G (1985) Mortal or morbid? A diagnosis of the morbidity factor. Nuffield Trust.